Idrija žlikrofi is a traditional Idrija dish made out of dough and filled with potatoes, onions, minced lard or smoked bacon, spices and aromatic plants.
Idrija žlikrofi is a traditional dish of the Idrija region. The dish is made out of dough, filled with potatoes, onions, minced lard or smoked bacon, spices and aromatic plants and has a traditional form of hats or pockets. The dish has its origins at the start of the 19th century, but due to the lack of sources its origin cannot be precisely determined. There are many assumptions about its origin, one of which is that the dish was brought by miners from Transylvania, who worked in the mercury mine in Idrija. The oral tradition paints the story that the dish was brought to Idrija in 1814 by the mine family Wernberger. The fact that the dish has its origins in the German speaking parts can be substantiated by the etymology of the word žlikrof, as this word derives from the German word Schlit(ck)krapfen, which has the meaning of a slippery fritter. Regardless of the origin, we must point out that the dish got its typical local outlook and taste in Idrija. Idrija žlikrofi is traditionally served with the meat sauce 'bakalica', which is done with wether or rabbit meat, or it can be served with cracklings, butter, etc. Due to the traditional process of making the dish and its traditional recipe the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food of the Republic of Slovenia in 2002 certified the dish Idrija žlikrofi. The dish is also the first Slovene dish, which was certified as a traditional specialty at the EU level.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food of the Republic of Slovenia certified the traditional dish Idrija žlikrofi. In 2010 the dish became the first Slovene product, which received the European patent of guaranteed traditional specialty. With this the recipe and the traditional way of making the dish were protected, while the making of the dish is not geographically limited. The certification brought greater reputation to the dish and made it more known across Slovenian borders. Transnational importance
Today the dish Idrija žlikrofi represents an additional value to the tourist offers of Idrija. The dish allows the tourist to get to know not only the natural and cultural heritage, but also the culinary dimension of Idrija. Locals don't regard all žlikrofi-dishes as Idrija žlikrofi. Those suppliers of making and distributing the dish who wish to obtain the certificate must go through the special procedure of certification, which guarantees the dish being made according to a traditional recipe. Idrija žlikrofi are traditionally served with the meat sauce 'bakalca' or with cracklings, but at the end everything depends on the individual's taste and imagination. The recognition of Idrija žlikrofi is, at least on the national level, quite high. The dish should most definitely be more often included on the menus at protocol events, where the rich culinary specialities would be presented to people from abroad.