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Sycultour

Serbian Orthodox Church of the Entrance of the Holy Lady into Jerusalem

Serbian Orthodox Church of the Entrance of the Holy Lady into Jerusalem, which was built in Baroque style, is famous for iconostasis that was painted by Serbian painter Jakov Orfelin.

Description

After the arrival to this region, in 1747/48, a small church was made of straw and mud. Today's church was built on those foundations in 1776. Iconostasis was painted by Jakov Orfelin in 1790 and the church was consecrated by Their Grace Bishop of Bačka Vićentije Jovan - Vidak. Then, in 1898, the Church was renovated by Nikola Jelačić, an entrepreneur, and icons by Ljudevit Štajner. In 1956, conservators of the Provincial Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments removed Štajner's layer and discovered the Orfelin's original. Icons were painted in oil on canvas, on support of wood. This was established for icons in socle, icons in the Deesis row, icons on the Holy Doors and above them. Iconostasis was made in Rocaille and Rococo style woodwork with rich floral ornaments. The icons in the front of the iconostasis on wooden support were given to the Gallery of Matica Srpska in Novi Sad, and those on metal are numerous but without an artistic value. All the windows of the Stapar church are stained glass. In the front of the church, there is the icon of the Entrance (above the entrance door). On other windows, there are two icons of St George, Holy Trinity, two icons of St Stephen and St Tryphon. Artistic assets of the church: • Icons in socle: Abraham's Sacrifice, The Flight into Egypt, The Temptation of Christ, The Archangel Gabriel Appearing to Zachary • Icons in Deesis: St Nicolas, Holy Mother with Baby Jesus, Jesus Christ, St John the Forerunner. • Icons on the Holy Doors: St Basil the Great (north), The Annunciation (central), St Gregory (south). • Icons above the Holy Doors: The Christ and the Samaritan Woman (above the north door), the Christ and Nikodemus (above the south door). • The central icon: Holy Trinity. • Icons above the front area: Apostles - Andrew, Peter, Paul, Mark, Mathew, John, Bartholomew, Philip, Simon, Luke, Thomas and Jacob. • Icons at the end of iconostasis: Crucifixion, Theotokos, St John Theologos

Responsibility

1. Serbian Orthodox Church2. Institute for the Protection of Culture Monuments of Vojvodina Province

Role

Serbian Orthodox Church in Stapar is a cultural monument of great importance and a powerful hallmark of historical and cultural development of Serbs in this part of Central Europe (north of the Sava and the Danube). The paintings in the Stapar church are of special significance, which was confirmed after their thorough cleaning in 1953 and they have a special place in the development of baroque art in Serbian communities. Regional importance

Potential usability

The Church is used for religious ceremonies by Serbian Orthodox population. It is not included in important cultural and tourism presentations. Beside religious ceremonies, the church could be used for organizing cultural events that by its contents would not disturb the concept of religious institution.


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