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Sycultour

Traditional female costume of Kupusina

Traditional female costume of Kupusina is unique with the characteristics of the costume from Kalocsa in Hungary. Important manifestations in Kupusina are 'Faršang” and “Kupusina Wedding Party' where visitors can learn more about traditional assets.

Description

Traditional female costume of Kupusina is unique with the characteristics of the costume from Kalocsa in Hungary. The costume consists of: a starchy short-sleeved white blouse, a red waistcoat, a bell-shaped skirt and a silk apron. The skirt is specific, consisting of six parts: two lower narrow skirts with laces, followed by three starchy pleated skirts and upper skirt made of cashmere. The colour of the upper skirt depends on a woman's age, so young women wear red, green or dark red, older women wear navy blue skirts, whereas women over 70 years of age wear black cashmere skirts. The richer a family is, the more skirts women have. A silk apron is tied over the skirt and young women wear it in lilac or blue, and older women wear darker shades. On their heads, girls wear bukor tie, consisting of 7-9 tied silk tapes, but never containing a yellow tape. Yellow colour is not present in the costume at all, even jewelry must not be yellow. Earlier, married women wore a hat called fićula, because it was traditional for women not to show their hair. Married women also wore pearls around their necks until their first child was born. All women wore black shoes. Today, national costumes are worn only by women over 60-65 years of age, but women of all ages wear it at a wedding. Men have not worn national costumes even at weddings since 1920s and 1930s. Museum area covers three premises in the village centre, symbolically representing rooms in an old colonial house. In the clean (a young woman's) room, one can see an outstanding painted furniture with traditional Hungarian as well as renaissance decorations in the famous Kupusina blue colour. Visitors can even peek into a young woman's trunk (dating back to 1817) and see what was part of a young woman's dowry chest. In the second room, there is an outstanding example of a built-up village stove, and in the third, there is furniture with kitchenware. During their visit to this community, tourists might be welcomed by a famous Kupusina poppy strudel, made according to a specific recipe, well-kept by several families in Kupusina.

Responsibility

Cultural Artistic Society 'Petefi Šandor'Kupusina

Role

Kupusina is a community in the municipality of Apatin in Western Bačka county. Regarding its ethnic structure, the majority of its population are Hungarians (78.8%), followed by Serbs in the second place (11.8%), and Croats in the third place (1.9%). Kupusina itself has very interesting customs. In addition to a specific Hungarian national costume, the events 'Faršang' (which symbolizes the end of winter and the beginning of spring, when masked participants coupled with brass band orchestra parade along the village streets) and 'Kupusina Wedding Party' (promoting national costumes of Kupusina and customs of local residents), the visitors can learn more about traditional assets preserved in the ethnological museum collection with numerous exhibits from everyday lives of Hungarian people in the 19th and 20th century.Regional importance

Potential usability

Ethnological collection of Kupusina is presented in the offers of Tourism Organization of Vojvodina and Tourism Organization of Apatin.The presentation of this collection offers an opportunity for presenting the national costume as well. For now, the national costume is presented through souvenir sales (dolls dressed up in hand made national costumes, 40 cm in height), which are produced and individually sold by Mrs Valerija Seke-Kovač.Tourism Organisation of Apatin will have a chance to promote artists and artisans from the area of the municipality that can later organise educational workshops that will help tourists become familiar with the characteristics of traditional Hungarian costume and where tourists will learn how to make one element of the traditional costume or how to traditionally paint furniture. Tourism Organisation of Apatin can also present some of the exhibits from Museum-ethnological collection to broader audience on the fairs of tourism in Novi Sad, Belgrade etc. Kupusina local community can use this opportunity to promote its settlement, way of living and culture of its population. The involvement of the population that deals with old and traditional crafts can also create some additional economic benefits.


ZRC SAZU
CTRIA HCC RoT Občina Jesenice CMS PAT PRA UNSPMF Chamber of Economy of Vojvodina