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Sycultour

Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage

Monuments: architectural works, works of monumental sculpture and painting, elements or structures of an archaeological nature, inscriptions, cave dwellings and combinations of features, which are of outstanding universal value from the point of view of history, art or science; Groups of buildings: groups of separate or connected buildings which, because of their architecture, their homogeneity or their place in the landscape, are of outstanding universal value from the point of view of history, art or science; Sites: works of man or the combined works of nature and man, and areas including archaeological sites which are of outstanding universal value from the historical, aesthetic, ethnological or anthropological point of view.

Definition of cultural value in the instrument

Monuments: architectural works, works of monumental sculpture and painting, elements or structures of an archaeological nature, inscriptions, cave dwellings and combinations of features, which are of outstanding universal value from the point of view of history, art or science; Groups of buildings: groups of separate or connected buildings which, because of their architecture, their homogeneity or their place in the landscape, are of outstanding universal value from the point of view of history, art or science; Sites: works of man or the combined works of nature and man, and areas including archaeological sites which are of outstanding universal value from the historical, aesthetic, ethnological or anthropological point of view.

Responsible

On national level - services (institutions) for the protection, conservation and presentation of the cultural and natural heritage; the widest possible participation of communities, groups and individuals that help protection and preserving such heritage. On international level - General Assembly of the State Parties, Intergovernmental Committee for the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, the States Parties.

Strengths

It was the first convention who set up a formal and legal base and possibilities for holistic preservation of cultural and natural heritage. With this convention it was established 'an effective system of collective protection of the cultural and natural heritage of outstanding universal value, organized on a permanent basis and in accordance with modern scientific methods'. A special Fund for the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage was established.

Weaknesses

Definitions of cultural and natural heritage (especially for sites) are loose. The main focus of the Convention is on material objects.


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